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From The Socialist newspaper, 22 January 2014

Robert Burns, insurrectionary poet

Brent Kennedy

Every year the narrow-minded, conservative Robert Burns establishment ritually recite the same few poems and repeat ancient propaganda myths about him (invented by his political opponents after his death) and get drunk.

Yet the real Burns opposed all they stand for. He listed their traits: "Ignorance, superstition, bigotry, stupidity, malevolence, self-conceit, envy - all bound in a massy frame of brazen impudence!"

A poor farm labourer and later public sector worker (today he'd be on working tax credit and denounced as a scrounger), he was a radical, independent minded, fighter for democracy and equality who was hounded by political police spies.

He died not from drink and debauchery but from poverty and hard toil in the fields in all weathers since childhood, compounded by the fear of unemployment and eviction.

Although government agents and propagandists assassinated the dead poet's character and then sanitised him (burning much of his writings), enough of his passionate hatred of injustice shines through to make him a voice for working class folk today.

Anyone feeling exploited by long hours, or zero hours, today will readily understand "Man was made to mourn".

If you want to know about racism, read "The slave's lament"; on republicanism, "The Washington Ode" or "A dream".

Burns supported the American and French Revolutions and opposed the Hanoverian monarchy and the corrupt, undemocratic "Parliament" of bankers and landowners.

When a spy reported him for singing a French revolutionary song he was threatened with the sack from his exciseman's job and told to be "silent and obedient".

But recent books by Patrick Scott Hogg (The Lost Poems, The Cannongate Burns and The Patriot Poet) prove he then went underground, building a secret network to get his "seditious", anonymous poems and articles published in radical papers in Edinburgh and London.

He was a member of the "Friends of the People" in Dumfries and personally sent four cannon to the French revolutionaries.

This was his answer to Pitt's Tory dictatorship and its wave of repression, including martial law and the outlawing of trade unions. When Burke, the father of modern Conservatism, supported France's feudal aristocracy and opposed votes for 99% of ordinary Britons, dismissing the people as "the swinish multitude", Burns wrote:

"Burke, both passionate and rude, Calls us a "Swinish Multitude", Which some think defamation, But I his meaning thus define - That, if the People are all swine, Hog-drivers rule the nation."

And then there's the best anthem to an internationalist, classless society ever written in English - A man's a man for a' that.

Carlisle Socialist Party Alternative Burns Night Supper and Ceilidh

Saturday, 25 January, Royal Scott pub, Morton, Carlisle.

Starts 6.45pm prompt - haggis, neeps and tatties (or vegetarian option) served at 7pm.

Suggested donation of £5.

Tickets from David 07717 625184

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In The Socialist 22 January 2014:


Socialist Party news and analysis

Real living wage now

Capitalism is a system in crisis

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What exactly is the point of Labour?

Stop the NHS sell-off

Bedroom tax loophole: Can legal tactics be effective?

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Them & Us


International socialist news and analysis

Egypt referendum: no enthusiasm for new constitution

"Ireland is a success story" rhetoric is based on spin


Education

Stop the student debt spiral - day of action 6 February

Youth Fight for Jobs campaign in Croydon

An open letter to Tristram Hunt


Socialist Party workplace news

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Teachers need a date for national action

Teachers strike against threatened redundancies

NUT strikes against management "observations"

More action needed to defend Probation Service

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Workplace news in brief


Socialist Party reports and campaigns

Lincoln marches against racism and fascism

Protest against Atos 'assessments' on 19 February

Salford workers and environmentalists challenge council

Stop cuts in Kent

Carlisle petition


Readers' comments and reviews

Benefits Street: A caricature of poverty

Leeds' forgotten dispute: The 1913-14 Corporation Strike

Robert Burns, insurrectionary poet


 

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