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Austria: Far right temporarily halted
Austria's far-right Freedom Party presidential candidate Norbert Hofer failed to win the re-run election against former Green leader Alexander Van der Bellen. The election result in May, which Van der Bellen won by less than one percentage point, had been cancelled due to declared technical irregularities.
This time he comfortably won (53% of the vote) in a polarised election, but the size of Hofer's vote (46%) means that the Freedom Party (currently the third largest party in parliament) looks likely to make substantial gains in the next general election.
This is because of the failure of the establishment parties' "grand coalition" to resolve the major economic and social fears and questions facing many Austrians.
Like Trump in the US, or Marine Le Pen's far-right National Front in France, or Farage and Ukip in Britain, right-wing populist politicians and parties have been able to exploit an increasingly politically disenfranchised working class electorate by playing on economic uncertainties and by scapegoating refugees along with religious and ethnic minorities.
Moreover, traditional parties, in particular former workers' parties, have been unable to target society's real parasites - the capitalist class and the profit system.
Instead they have simply gone along with the austerity cuts demanded by the ruling classes while bending the knee to the anti-migrant propaganda of the far right. The situation means the building of an independent working class-based anti-capitalist party as an alternative to right-wing populism is urgent.
One factor widely quoted in Hofer's defeat was his association with other European far-right parties' anti-EU stance. However, it appears that many in Austria, at this stage, do not wish to leave the EU.
However, no sooner had the liberal establishment in Europe breathed a sigh of relief over Austria's presidential result then it was left proverbially holding its head in its hands with the trouncing of pro-EU prime minister Matteo Renzi in Italy's constitutional referendum.
- Austrian CWI report on socialistworld.net
In The Socialist 7 December 2016:
What we think
Socialist Party news and analysis
Food banks feature
NHS crisis and fightback
International socialist news and analysis
Socialist Party workplace news
Socialist Party reports and campaigns
John Sharpe: 1953-2016