Link to this page: https://www.socialistparty.org.uk/issue/1097/31141
From first wave to second? Capitalism's Covid failures
Martin Powell-Davies, Socialist Party national committee
Boris Johnson's easing of lockdown appears to have hit its limits. Where now?
Back in March, when the spread of the coronavirus pandemic was accelerating globally, the Socialist explained that "a newly-spreading virus is a danger that can befall any society. The question facing the world today, however, is what kind of society can best meet such a challenge."
Five months on, just as we warned, the inability of global capitalism to respond to such a crisis has been sharply exposed. Its failure to protect both lives and living standards will have a lasting effect on workers' consciousness and influence the struggles that are to come.
According to official statistics, over 700,000 people have died worldwide as a result of Covid-19, although the real figure could be much higher. Workers' trust in the ability of their governments to even count death tolls accurately has been another casualty in the crisis.
Globally, the pandemic is still accelerating. It is now taking a heavy toll in the neocolonial world, where capitalism's ongoing failure to provide health facilities, housing, food and incomes now leaves millions highly vulnerable to the virus.
But capitalism's failures are also graphically exposed by the fact that the three countries with the highest official death totals at the end of July - the US, Brazil and the UK - should all have had the economic resources to deal with the crisis. Instead, many thousands have died needlessly thanks to the inept leadership provided by the right-wing Trump, Bolsonaro and Johnson.
Instead of following the advice of medical experts to urgently introduce widespread testing and contact tracing alongside measures to prevent transmission, these representatives of the most short-sighted capitalists resisted taking steps that might threaten profit-making.
In doing so, they have ended up making matters worse even for their own wealthy backers. Their delay has only worsened the damage that has been done to the already-vulnerable global economy.
While countries like China that still retain elements of state ownership were better able to direct resources in a planned manner, a privatised economy like Britain's was unable to respond quickly enough.
It immediately became clear that there was a critical shortage of PPE for health and care workers. But Public Health England's solution to the problem was to fit its advice to the availability of equipment, revising its guidance downwards, advising that less-stringent protection was required.
Years of health cuts had left the NHS without the capacity to carry out mass testing. At first, the Tories ignored this vital need.
A catastrophic consequence was the discharge of thousands of elderly patients into care homes without any prior testing for Covid-19. Over 19,000 Covid-19 related deaths have since been registered for care home residents in England alone.
Ministers then decided to open their coffers - but not to fund NHS laboratories. No; instead contracts were awarded to private companies like AstraZeneca and GlaxoSmithKline, even though both had no proven track record in diagnostic testing.
Instead of a medical professional, the Tories decided to put one of their own - the Conservative peer and previous CEO of TalkTalk, Dido Harding - in charge of the test-and-trace programme. As a board member of the Jockey Club that had been so keen on the Cheltenham Festival going ahead at the end of March, she was clearly well-qualified in viral spread!
But under Harding's 'leadership', the promised NHS contact-tracing phone app has had to be scrapped. There is still no date for an alternative.
Now the Lancet Child and Adolescent Health has warned that the current NHS testing and tracing programme is too ineffective to prevent a second wave if schools reopen full-time in September. The study estimates that too few infectious individuals are being detected by testing and too few of their contacts are then being traced and isolated.
Moreover, the government had pledged to test all care home residents and staff by July - now that has been postponed to September. Yet another failure to deliver.
As well as the elderly and more clinically vulnerable, those working on throughout 'lockdown' without sufficient protection have been left at risk. Official figures for England and Wales listing the occupations where most deaths have occurred include not only nurses and care workers, but also security guards, factory and construction workers, taxi and bus drivers, chefs, and sales assistants.
Shielding is now ending - at the worst possible time. As a possible second wave gathers, there must be no compulsion to return to the workplace, or ending of support, for those most at risk.
The recent outbreaks - first in Leicester and Luton, then much of the north west of England - expose how the lack of a working test-and-trace system is costing further lives. In response, the British Medical Journal has demanded testing and tracing be integrated back into NHS and local authority control.
Private v planned
In short, privatisation is costing lives. Tackling the virus requires democratic control and planning - and hence public ownership.
If that's true on a local scale, it's even more the case on a global scale - particularly in the urgent work needed to try to develop vaccines against Covid-19. Under capitalism, the profit to be made from developing a viable vaccine before your competitors prevents the global sharing of research that would guarantee its quickest development.
In the absence of a vaccine, the pandemic remains an ongoing threat. But the likes of Johnson hoped they could get away with opening up the economy without a serious strategy to control the virus.
More serious establishment scientists, like those in 'Independent Sage' that split from the official government Sage group in May, warned that what they describe as a "fingers crossed through reopening" strategy was unlikely to be good enough.
The controversy over quarantining holidaymakers returning from Spain revealed the growing concern that, as lockdown measures ease, cases would again start to rise. That's certainly the case in countries like Israel, Japan and Australia. Now case numbers seem to be rising in Britain too.
Workers and their trade unions have to sound the alarm - and refuse to buckle under the pressure from big business to rush into an unsafe opening of workplaces, shops and schools. Instead of short-sighted capitalist profiteering, socialists demand a serious strategy to eliminate the virus. That needs to include:
- A fully resourced, community-based testing and tracing system - run through the public sector, not private profiteers
- Protection, support and full income for all those at greatest risk, needing to isolate, or hit by the economic crisis
- Democratic trade union and workers' control over workplace safety
Yet another Tory 'game changer'?
Once again, this incompetent government is blowing its trumpet over another 'game-changing' initiative as it 'ramps up' the fight against coronavirus. Its latest headline act is to deploy rapid (90 minute) test kits, sent out to hospitals and care homes.
In case anyone's forgotten, Boris Johnson pledged in June to turn around all Covid-19 tests within 24 hours. However, many parts of the country still have to wait up to 34 hours to get test results. A 90-minute turnaround time sounds almost fantastic.
And, at the risk of sounding churlish, the Tory government abandoned a pledge to test regularly all people in care homes, starting on 6 July... until 7 September!
Moreover, on 16 July, Health Secretary Matt Hancock instructed care homes and the public to stop using Randox Covid-19 test kits after safety issues were raised.
That contract cost £133 million. Let's hope the latest 'game changer' isn't another costly failure.
In The Socialist 5 August 2020:
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