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From The Socialist newspaper, 12 March 2008

New period of workers' militancy in Germany

A WAVE of industrial unrest has swept across Germany in recent weeks - affecting hospitals, local councils, airports, childcare facilities and public transport. In Berlin a transport strike has paralysed bus, tram and underground services in the capital since. Steel workers have recently won a 5.2% pay rise, their biggest in 16 years.

Wage negotiations between service sector trade union Verdi and the government collapsed last Friday with public sector employees threatening to stage new strikes.

Verdi is demanding pay rises of up to 8%, backdated to 1 January. Employers have offered a staggered 4% increase over two years and demanded a lengthening of the working week to 40 hours. In Berlin, transport workers are demanding a 12% rise.

The GDL rail union had threatened a nationwide strike starting from the early hours of 10 March, which would have affected about half of regional passenger services in western Germany and about 90% in the eastern part of the country. A 62-hour GDL rail strike last November, Germany's biggest ever, cost the economy 75 million euros (57 million) a day. However, a deal has now been reached.

The Deutsche Bahn rail operator and the GDL had reached a wage deal in January which would give an 11% pay rise for all train drivers. But the rail operator had refused to sign the deal until all three rail trade unions harmonised their position on collective wage bargaining.

However, last Sunday's deal will protect GDL's autonomy, which is one of the union's core demands.

Fuelling these wage struggles is the sense of injustice workers feel, having suffered job losses, pay restraint and welfare cuts despite the bosses reaping big profits during the recent economic upswing. There is also widespread anger following the revelations that the country's wealthy, including the former head of the country's postal services Deutsche Post, had illegally transferred millions to secret bank accounts in the tax haven of Liechtenstein.

Left Party

THE STRIKES show how demands, like those for a minimum wage, a lower age of retirement, an end to privatisations (which have majority support in every opinion poll), can be achieved: through the collective action of the workers.

The strikes have also coincided with a growing political instability in the ruling SPD-CDU coalition.

Germany has seen three federal state elections in the western part of the country this year and in each of them the reformist Left Party entered parliament for the first time. The electoral success of the Left Party is partially reflecting the aspirations of the working class for a greater share of the wealth in society.

If the Left Party adopted a socialist programme and energetically intervened in struggles and movements it could become a new mass party of the working class. Unfortunately the opportunist politics of the leadership makes this unlikely.

However, Germany has entered a new stage of class struggle and class polarisation before the looming economic crisis has developed. This means that bitter battles on a mass scale can develop with more and more workers drawing anti-capitalist conclusions.

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In The Socialist 12 March 2008:

Demonstrate

End the occupation

Gaza - end the bloodshed!

Iraq, Afghanistan: The bitter fruits of war and occupation

School student strikes

US & UK students in anti-war protest


Workplace news and analysis

Fight for a living wage!

Coastguards strike

Land Registry votes to reject pay offer

Wales further education pay dispute: Vote 'yes' in strike ballot

Shelter workers' strike success

Prison officers reject pay offer

March for pay justice


Socialist Party NHS campaign

Derby nurses fight PFI pay cuts

Hospital trusts... who makes the decisions?

Cuts continue despite financial surpluses


Post Office closures

Stroud - Save our post office!

London - Fight the closures


Socialist Party feature

World's poor hit by rocketing food prices


International socialist news

New period of workers' militancy in Germany


Socialist Party review

Profit motive and the whispering wind


 

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Related links:

Germany:

triangleGerman engineering strike puts shorter week on agenda - but could have won more

triangleGermany: Election results in political earthquake

triangleGerman elections: rise of the far right and right-wing government will provoke resistance

triangleBerlin hospital strike

triangleWomen's struggles reduced to perfume sales and career ladder

Rail:

triangleRMT strikes against driver-only operation continue

triangleRMT rail members buoyed by coordinated action

triangleStrike against driver-only operation on five rail networks

triangleRail: fares up, bosses' pay up - delays and cancellations up

Class:

triangleFighting on class policies

triangleLand registry in third pay walk out

triangleCNWP conference: Wanted - a new mass workers' party

Transport:

triangleMerseyrail protest

triangleArriva bus drivers' action wins pay rise

Strike:

triangleNewham academies strike continues with three schools to strike together

Trade unions:

triangleNHS - build the fightback

Train drivers:

triangleVirgin train workers ballot for strike action

Public transport:

triangleSadiq Khan's bus drivers' London licence doesn't go far enough

Public sector:

triangleUni strike: coordinate public sector fightback

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