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Tsunami early warning - the failure of capitalism
CAPITALIST GOVERNMENTS worldwide are now promising to set up an Indian Ocean tsunami early warning network by 2006, for as little as $20 million-$30 million. Was the risk of this catastrophic event so tiny that they could be excused for not having set up a warning system before? No!
Although 80% of the world's tsunamis occur in the Pacific, they have been recorded in the Indian Ocean too. Significant tsunamis followed previous earthquakes around Sumatra. After the 1883 volcanic eruption of Krakatoa, waves up to 40 meters high took nearly 40,000 lives along the coasts of Sumatra and Java.
No advance warnings were possible then, but with electronic instruments, satellite communications and computer technology earthquakes can now be quickly detected. The risk of tsunamis can be rapidly calculated and passed to all countries in their path.
The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Executive Council, "strongly stressed" in 2002, "the need to modernise and improve the sea-level network in order to ensure the best possible early detection of tsunami waves."
The Council warned that "lack of adequate funding and staff to meet the needs of the programme was affecting the tsunami warning network" and called for increased investment.
The Pacific Ocean Warning Centre has offered to help until the new system is operational. This Centre detected the 26 December earthquake but had no addresses of Indian Ocean authorities to contact.
For the lack of such a tiny sum, $20-30 million, tens of thousands lost their lives. Twice as much will be spent on George Bush's inauguration ceremony.
High-technology warning systems are only part of disaster prevention. It is also vital that those at risk, on or near the beaches, know the dangers of tsunamis, the warning signs and what to do if they see them. A public education programme is needed, with posters, leaflets and marked escape routes to higher ground.
Effective emergency plans are vital to pass on warnings from an international centre to those immediately at risk. With TV, radio, email, telephones, sirens and trained volunteers on motorbikes or bicycles with megaphones or whistles, those at risk could be rapidly alerted and rush inland.
The Thai and Indian governments received some warning on 26 December but either ignored it or had no effective means of passing it on. Fear of upsetting the tourist industry paralysed any response from the Thai meteorological unit that received the Pacific warning centre message.
All the region's right-wing corrupt governments have been exposed as completely unable to protect local people, or even the area's businesses.
Capitalism is concerned with its short-term profits and cannot plan for the future. International co-operation between socialist states would ensure that investment was prioritised for disaster planning. With warning systems, education and defences the effects of natural disasters can be mitigated.
Sometimes deaths may be totally avoidable. At other times, they can be minimised. Many of the 150,000 lost in the Indian Ocean were as much victims of capitalism's failures as of the tsunami.
In The Socialist 22 January 2005: