Join the Socialist Party Join us today!

Printable version Printable version

Facebook   Twitter

Link to this page:

From The Socialist newspaper, 4 March 2009

International Women's Day 8 March: Don't make women pay for the bosses' crisis

PCS Passport workers on strike in Belfast, photo Peter Hadden

PCS Passport workers on strike in Belfast, photo Peter Hadden

Women faced discrimination when the economy is booming. What then will be the consequences for women of the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression of the 1930s? A fightback is necessary to prevent a dramatic increase in women's oppression.

Sarah Sachs-Eldridge

Over 40 years after the Equal Pay Act and after 16 years of uninterrupted economic growth women in Britain in full-time work earn 17.2% less than men on average.

With the majority of childcare responsibilities and the requisite need for flexible and shorter hours, women also make up 75% of part-time workers who generally suffer lower wages. There is also a 36% difference between the average male part-time wage and that earned by part-time women workers.

The magnificent victory at the Lindsey oil refinery provides a lesson on how militant action can defend and improve all workers' pay and conditions. In times of economic uncertainty, with a smaller surplus to fight over, bosses will attempt to play different sections of workers off against each other as they did at Lindsey. This can also include playing lower-paid women workers off against better-paid male workers. This is a dead end for the working class and must be countered with united action.

Women make up more than half the workforce but occupational gender segregation persists. Women workers remain concentrated in the 'four Cs' of childcare, catering, cleaning and cash register where low pay is the norm. Many retail workers get pennies above the minimum wage. In fact, according to a 2008 TUC report, 30% of working women earn less than 100 a week.

Woolworths, Barratt, Principles...the list of retail chains that are no more is long and likely to grow. A CBI survey shows nearly half of all retailers cut jobs in January. Unemployment looms. This spells disaster for the working class as a whole. A recent TUC report, Women and recession, shows that unemployed women face particular difficulties.

Women with childcare responsibilities generally require part-time or flexible employment. This can place restrictions on their job search.


Limited access to affordable childcare is a huge problem. The website surveyed readers on what the government should do to assist parents in the recession and, unsurprisingly, the vast majority mentioned childcare as an issue. Investment in public nurseries with qualified staff on decent wages would both create employment and aid women going to work.

As women are likely to have been in low-paid work they are less likely to have savings. Where women 'work to survive', redundancies can lead to serious immediate poverty. Unemployed women can also have problems receiving Jobseekers Allowance (JSA), particularly income based JSA (which workers move to after six months on JSA) as it is calculated on household income and related to the idea of women as secondary earners in the family.

If the government carries on with its horrific onslaught on lone parents' benefits these pressures and difficulties will be multiplied. 90% of single parent families are headed by women.

Many women were already unemployed when this recession began and data shows that in general unemployed women find a limited work history, due to time off to raise families, a barrier to work. Bosses do not want to invest in training. Workers' democratic control and management in the workplace is necessary to share out the work without loss of pay and end the obstacles that prevent women from participating fully in all aspects of society.


Students from Portsmouth, Southampton, Winchester and Oxford lobby John Denham MP, photo Ben Robinson

Students from Portsmouth, Southampton, Winchester and Oxford lobby John Denham MP, photo Ben Robinson

Extortionate university fees, combined with women's lower pay, condemn millions of women to a lifetime of debt and poverty. This can have huge repercussions on mental and physical health. The recent demonstration for free education, organised by Socialist Students among others, shows the potential to build a movement to fight for free education, which women in education must urgently build.

One consequence of the recession has been a drop in divorce rates. Does this mean that tightening our belts squeezes our hearts with a positive effect on our relationships? No. The reality is far darker. Couples who have decided to separate and in normal circumstances would divorce and move out, now find themselves unable to afford the extra housing costs and are forced to remain living together.

On the basis of enormous household debt and growing unemployment, repossessions could double this year, reaching 82,000. During the Great Depression of the 1930s in the US, women played a major role in direct action campaigns against evictions, often organising to get families back into their homes. Campaigning for massive investment into quality council housing must be part of the resistance to the consequences of this recession.

Women make up the majority of the seven million carers in Britain. Harriet Harman, Minister for Women and Equality, made a big hoo-ha last year about introducing carers' right to request flexible working hours from April 2009. The small print revealed the bosses' right to deny flexibility - if it was bad for business.

However, in a signal to the bosses that he was looking out for them, Peter Mandelson indicated that such measures might be difficult to carry through when pressure on business was mounting. What about pressure on women?

The Financial Times reports that about 10,000 jobs have been axed by local councils in England, with 70% expecting further losses due to the recession. As a majority of the low-paid council workforce are women, this will have a huge impact on women's employment.

Cuts in public services mean further suffering for women in particular. Traditionally, class societies have defined a women's role as secondary, working within the family home - doing the housework and bringing up the next generation - unpaid.

Such ideas may be promoted as women are called on to take up the slack of inadequate caring, childcare and health services. A revival of these reactionary ideas will have consequences for women's rights. However, such attacks will not go unanswered.

Women in struggle

Unison Local Government strike 16-17 July in London, photo Paul Mattsson

Unison Local Government strike 16-17 July in London, photo Paul Mattsson

We will see a mushrooming of campaigns in defence of services, such as that against local government cuts in the Wirral. These must be linked on a national basis, such as the recent campaign to defend the NHS, which will also have to be revived in the face of increased attacks.

While huge anger is directed at the likes of Sir Fred Goodwin and other fat cat bankers, New Labour ministers will not escape the blame for this crisis. In the absence of a new mass workers' party it is likely that the Tories could form the next government. Recent votes on abortion rights indicate that they would be likely to attack women's right to choose when and whether to have children. Socialists call for a trade union-led demonstration to launch a powerful campaign to defend and extend abortion rights.

Women have been to the fore in a number of struggles that have taken place in response to the economic downturn. 120,000 public sector workers marched through the streets of Dublin recently, including huge numbers of women who have never been involved in struggle before. Thousands of young women, many demonstrating for the first time, marched through London against the slaughter in Gaza in January of this year. This is only a taster of the future mass struggles we will participate in.

Why not click here to join the Socialist Party, or click here to donate to the Socialist Party.

In The Socialist 4 March 2009:

Bosses get pay-offs, workers get layoffs

RBS pension scandal: Not a penny for these fat cats!

Hands off our post!

Stop Labour's mail sell-off

Socialist Party Marxist analysis

Marx was right all along

Socialist Party feature

Has globalisation gone into reverse?

Our democratic rights under attack by Labour

Socialist Students

Anti-fees demo success - despite NUS leaders' obstructions

Cardiff student occupation: University divests from arms trade

Youth fight for jobs

Youth Fight for Jobs

The route

Construction workers

Construction workers plan more action

Message from strike leader

Socialist Party workplace news

Stop bullying at BT

Fight the cuts in Nottingham!

Sogefi workers demand strike

NUJ action

Cover supervisors: Teaching on the cheap

National Shop Stewards Network: Brighton launch meeting

Socialist Party women

International Women's Day 8 March: Don't make women pay for the bosses' crisis

Make all women's issues trade union issues

Solidarity with Constantina Kuneva

International socialist news and analysis

Ireland: Scrap the 'pension levy': Organise a one-day general strike

Kashmir: Health workers win demands

May Day

Support The Socialist on May Day this year


Home   |   The Socialist 4 March 2009   |   Join the Socialist Party

Subscribe   |   Donate  

Related links:


triangleNumber of women killed by current or ex-partner rises

triangleEast London Socialist Party: The fight for equality for women today

triangleCaerphilly Socialist Party: Campaigning against the cuts & for women's rights

triangleUnnecessary surgery scandal shows need for democratic control of NHS

triangleWaltham Forest Socialist Party: International women's day


triangleHousing cuts cost lives

triangleAverage wages recover to pre-crisis levels - but we're still over a decade behind

trianglePCS union relaunches pay campaign

triangleUniversity workers' strike over pay, pensions and workload escalates


triangleUC stopped without warning

triangleGeneral election 2019 round-up

triangleFighting Universal Credit


triangleWhat lies behind the US-China trade war?

triangleNew recession fear stalks the world economy

Reports and campaigns

Reports and campaigns



Packed meeting of workplace militants, strikers, socialists and trade union leaders



University workers' strike over pay, pensions and workload escalates



Housing cuts cost lives



Stop the council cuts



Congress 2020 appeal: Donate to help us renew vital resources



Solidarity with striking university staff



Anti-academy strikes growing


Labour leadership

Council cuts could cost Labour another general election



PCS union relaunches pay campaign



Leicester: We can't take any more cuts, any more misery, and we are fighting back



Coventry: A socialist councillor who will vote against cuts


The Socialist

Socialist sellers



Number of women killed by current or ex-partner rises



Students and workers out together on Budget Day, 11 March


Royal Mail

Royal Mail workers in the Communication Workers' Union (CWU) supporting a 'yes' vote in a reballot for strike action, at a gate meeting at Leicester Meridian, 25.2.20, photo by Steve Score

triangleMore Reports and campaigns articles...

Join the Socialist Party
Subscribe to Socialist Party publications
Donate to the Socialist Party
Socialist Party Facebook page
Socialist Party on Twitter
Visit us on Youtube



Phone our national office on 020 8988 8777


Locate your nearest Socialist Party branch Text your name and postcode to 07761 818 206

Regional Socialist Party organisers:

Eastern: 079 8202 1969

East Mids: 077 3797 8057

London: 020 8988 8786

North East: 078 4114 4890

North West 079 5437 6096

South West: 077 5979 6478

Southern: 078 3368 1910

Wales: 079 3539 1947

West Mids: 024 7655 5620

Yorkshire: 077 0671 0041



Alphabetical listing

February 2020

January 2020