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From: The Socialist issue 1092, 24 June 2020: Workers must not pay the price

Search site for keywords: Foreign Aid - Aid - Budget - Boris Johnson

International aid: Johnson's pie in the sky

UK governments have consistently used overseas aid to benefit British capitalism, photo by DFID/CC

UK governments have consistently used overseas aid to benefit British capitalism, photo by DFID/CC   (Click to enlarge)

Prime Minister Boris Johnson sidestepped another humiliating government u-turn - over extending school meal vouchers - by announcing in parliament the merging of the Department for International Development (DfID) into the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO).

Playing to his cheering audience of right-wing backbenchers and the Daily Mail, Johnson chimed: "For too long, frankly, UK overseas aid has been treated like a giant cashpoint in the sky, that arrives without any reference to UK interests."

In fact, most UK government aid does not go to the world's poorest countries. Much overseas aid has long been used to secure trade deals and further the geopolitical interests of British capitalism. Johnson wants to use aid as a political tool to counter China's growing influence in the neo-colonial world.

Scandal

The DfID was established in 1997 by the Blair government to separately administer aid following the Pergau Dam scandal. This scandal involved the 1980s Thatcher government committing to spend an eventual 234 million of aid to build an electricity generating dam of dubious economic value in Malaysia, in exchange for a lucrative arms deal. In 1994 the High Court ruled the deal "unlawful".

The Blair governments used the aid budget as 'soft power' to pursue the economic and political ambitions of British capitalism. Under the Cameron Tory-led governments the aid budget was formally refocused to promote 'Britain's national interest'.

Currently, a quarter of the DfID's 15.2 billion budget is spent by other government departments, including the FCO, and used to advance trade deals and so forth.

The UK government is spending an increasing amount of Official Development Assistance (ODA, ie aid) on domestic refugee support, which has risen sharply from 7 million in 2009 to 378 million in 2017. ODA rules are so vague that the government can expand temporary refugee 'sustenance' to longer-term 'integration'.

Moreover, as the aid budget is set at 0.7% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP - total economic output), the sharp fall in GDP, due the coronavirus pandemic, is likely to cut aid by 2.5 billion.

Aid in reverse

Aid, or international charity, is only one side of the equation. Away from the headlines, huge amounts of financial resources are drained from poor countries into the advanced capitalist countries.

Debt and interest repayments, repatriated profits and incomes, as well as unrecorded capital transfers, and false accountancy measures by big business, means that on a global scale, for every $1 of aid that so-called developing countries receive, they lose $24 in net outflows.

Illegal capital flight wouldn't be possible without the existence of tax havens, and the biggest network of tax havens is centred on the City of London, operating through the British Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories.

While complaining about the "giant cashpoint in the sky," Johnson is presiding over a system that organises mass theft from poor countries.

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Coronavirus crisis - Finance appeal

The coronavirus crisis has laid bare the class character of society in numerous ways. It is making clear to many that it is the working class that keeps society running, not the CEOs of major corporations.

The results of austerity have been graphically demonstrated as public services strain to cope with the crisis.

The government has now ripped up its 'austerity' mantra and turned to policies that not long ago were denounced as socialist. But after the corona crisis, it will try to make the working class pay for it, by trying to claw back what has been given.

  • The Socialist Party's material is more vital than ever, so we can continue to report from workers who are fighting for better health and safety measures, against layoffs, for adequate staffing levels, etc.
  • Our 'fighting coronavirus workers' charter', outlines a programme to combat the virus and protect workers' living conditions.
  • When the health crisis subsides, we must be ready for the stormy events ahead and the need to arm workers' movements with a socialist programme - one which puts the health and needs of humanity before the profits of a few.
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