Join the Socialist Party Join us today!

Printable version Printable version

Facebook   Twitter

Link to this page: https://www.socialistparty.org.uk/issue/1010/27954

From The Socialist newspaper, 19 September 2018

Catalonia: 'Diada' 2018 an immense show of strength for republic

Catalonia's general strike in defence of the independence vote, 3.10.17, photo by Robert Bonet/CC

Catalonia's general strike in defence of the independence vote, 3.10.17, photo by Robert Bonet/CC   (Click to enlarge)

For a socialist Catalan republic of the working class and youth!

Esquerra Revolucionària, CWI Catalonia

This 11 September - 'La Diada', National Day of Catalonia - Barcelona's Avenida Diagonal thoroughfare overflowed with around two million people in an unprecedented mass mobilisation.

Once again, the people of Catalonia have seized the streets. To shout loud and clear their rejection of the repression of the Spanish state. To call for the freeing of political prisoners and return of those in exile. And to demand that the republic they voted for overwhelmingly on 1 October 2017 at last be realised.

This human tide in support of the Catalan republic contrasts with the resounding failure of events organised by the Spanish-nationalist Catalan Civil Society civic group and far-right Vox party, and the right-populist Ciudadanos party.

The pathetic images of Ciudadanos leaders - received by barely a hundred of their supporters in the city centre - sum up the failure of these reactionary Spanish-nationalist elements. They attempt to declare themselves the voice of the "silent majority" of Catalan society - but have been put in their place.

Reformist left

The leaders of the reformist left must take note - the party chiefs of Podemos and Izquierda Unida (IU - United Left), the tops of the CCOO and UGT, the two biggest unions - and also the leaders of the Catalan-nationalist ERC party. The contrast between this tremendous show of force and the tiny capacity for mobilisation shown by the defenders of the post-Franco 'regime of '78' could not be more abysmal!

How is it possible to go on maintaining that "it would be stupid" or "it's not possible" to take the republic forward because Catalonia is divided 50/50 - like Joan Tardá, ERC deputy in the Spanish parliament, and Pere Aragonés, ERC vice-president of the Catalan government, recently have?

Faced with the impossibility of hiding the success of this Diada, the capitalist media - Spanish and Catalan - chose to recognise it. But they attempted to present it as just another day, minimising the numbers participating.

The leaders who spent months propagating the idea that it's not possible to realise the republic because "there is not sufficient strength"- the leaders of PDeCat, the main party of Catalan capitalism, its JxCat electoral alliance, and the ERC - have received an inarguable answer.

This massive mobilisation was even more significant when you take account of the fact that it came after a year of constant repression by the Spanish state apparatus.

This has included political trials; exceptional measures like 'article 155' of the constitution, which suspends the power of the Catalan government; and the refusal of the Spanish state's ex-social democratic PSOE party government to accept the right to self-determination for the people of Catalonia.

Most importantly of all, it came after three months of cold water being poured on the movement. The approach of rejecting participation in actions on Diada has also been adopted by Barcelona mayor Ada Colau, and the leaders of Catalunya en Comú, the Podemos-IU Catalan electoral alliance.

In unjustifiable declarations, Ada Colau and the leaders of Podemos said Diada reinforces 'unilateralism' and the division of Catalan society. In practice, they renounce the principle of the right of the Catalan people to decide their own future. This is a right which not so long ago they defended, and which won them mass support from the population.

This political turn brings them in line with the Spanish-nationalist parties of '155'. It has provoked surprise and revulsion among the vast majority of the workers and youth who voted for Colau and the local Barcelona en Comú electoral alliance including herself, Podemos and IU.

Their failure to support the liberation of the people of Catalonia with a consistent policy - linking the struggle for a Catalan republic with the fight against the capitalist regime of '78, and for workers' republics in the rest of the territories which make up the Spanish state - is a grave error that will cause great difficulties.

The mass force demonstrated on the streets collides ever more clearly with the tendency of certain political forces to seek to hold back the movement. These are the forces which look for agreements from above - agreements with a state and a government that refuse to negotiate anything other than the movement's surrender.

The dissatisfaction with this situation is shown by the proliferation of slogans on posters and stickers, like "make the republic now!" and "self-determination is not negotiated, it is exercised" and so on. It is also shown in the criticisms made by speakers from the pro-independence Catalan National Assembly civic group, the left-nationalist CUP party and others.

Opposed approaches

This once again confirms that within the movement for Catalan national liberation there are two fundamentally opposed political approaches.

The first represents a small minority, but today it sets the pace and dominates in government. This approach attempts to put a brake on the movement and reach an agreement with the Spanish capitalists - which would mean shelving the Catalan republic.

Confronting this approach is the immense majority of workers, youth, and broad sections of the middle classes. They want to advance towards a republic of workers, youth, and the people, in order to see a solution to the current social problems, and a break with capitalism as well as the regime of '78.

For that to happen, the left needs to struggle for leadership in the movement for national liberation, on the basis of a socialist programme and fighting to sustain the mass mobilisations, to unite the majority of the Catalan working class.

In particular, this requires including those layers hit by the crisis of capitalism who reject the reactionary ideas of the PP, the main party of Spanish capitalism, and Ciudadanos - but who so far distrust the independence movement because of PDeCat and the Catalan right, from whom they have only received attacks and cuts.

Today, more than ever, it is essential to build a united front of the left to struggle for a socialist republic of the workers and youth - bringing together the CUP, the Committees for Defence of the Republic, combative trade unions, women's rights movements, students, and social movements - in order to carry the movement forward to victory.

Why not click here to join the Socialist Party, or click here to donate to the Socialist Party.


In The Socialist 19 September 2018:


Labour Party conference

Blairites must go

The struggle to transform Labour

Momentum's 'The World Transformed' blocks discussion on Liverpool council struggle


Socialist Party news and analysis

Big drugs companies dodge £3 billion pounds in tax

250,000 families in "non-decent" homes

Bezos housing hypocrisy

Rail rip-off reversal

What we saw


International socialist news and analysis

South Africa: new workers' formations herald fightback against Ramaphosa's capitalist agenda

Catalonia: 'Diada' 2018 an immense show of strength for republic


Socialist Students

Mobilise mass student fightback

Socialist Students campaigns at Hull freshers fair


Workplace news and analysis

POA walkout over government failure to make prisons safe

RMT strikers ready to up the ante over rail safety

University pay ballot: vote yes for strike action!

Birmingham home carers' protest demo

York health workers say no to privatisation

Liverpool airport workers demand decent pay

Leicester UCU fights redundancies


Socialist Party reports and campaigns

Join our Socialist sales drive for issue 1011

March to save threatened Liverpool Women's Hospital

Socialists and campaigners protest Leicester NHS cuts

Hundreds of Newcastle United fans attend Mike Ashley Out meeting

Huddersfield Socialist Party opposes racist EDL

Lewisham: binning the rates rise


Opinion

How Irish strikers fought apartheid - and establishment anti-apartheid leadership

The Socialist inbox


 

Home   |   The Socialist 19 September 2018   |   Join the Socialist Party

Subscribe   |   Donate   |   Audio  |   PDF  |   ebook






Related links:

Catalonia:

triangleOver one million students strike against sexism and for inclusive sex education

triangleThe ongoing capitalist crisis and the struggle for a socialist world

triangleCatalonia: thousands on the streets

triangleCatalonia: 1m marchers demand self-determination

triangleCatalonia: new Francoist coup - general strike now!

Podemos:

triangleCatalan elections: PP humiliated

triangleEditorial of the Socialist, issue 968

triangleSocialist Party Congress 2017 reports

Self-determination:

triangleStop the war on the Kurds

triangleLiverpool Socialist Party: Catalonia - the struggle for self-determination

triangleCaerphilly & RCT Socialist Party: "Whose law is it anyway?"

CWI:

triangleWorkers at the forefront of the new wave of protests in Iran

trianglePolitical turmoil in Sri Lanka

International

International

5/12/18

Iran

Workers defy brutal Iran regime

5/12/18

Midwives

Midwives go on strike in New Zealand

5/12/18

France

France: mass demonstrations force president to back down

28/11/18

Iran

Workers at the forefront of the new wave of protests in Iran

28/11/18

US

San Francisco Bay Area's toxic smoke crisis and capitalism's mismanagement

28/11/18

France

Eyewitness: French protesters seize streets against President Macron

21/11/18

US

How can Trump be defeated?

21/11/18

Sri Lanka

Political turmoil in Sri Lanka

21/11/18

Spanish state

Over one million students strike against sexism and for inclusive sex education

14/11/18

US

US midterms: Republicans weakened - but workers' fightback needed to end Trumpism

7/11/18

Sexual harassment

Worldwide walkout at Google against sexual harassment

7/11/18

CWI

CWI news in brief

7/11/18

Antisemitism

Pittsburgh Synagogue shootings: Unite to fight anti-Semitism and far right

31/10/18

Brazil

Bolsonaro - a threat to Brazil's workers and all oppressed people

31/10/18

Sri Lanka

Parliamentary coup in Sri Lanka

triangleMore International articles...


Join the Socialist Party
Subscribe to Socialist Party publications
Donate to the Socialist Party
Socialist Party Facebook page
Socialist Party on Twitter
Visit us on Youtube

LATEST POSTS

CONTACT US

Phone our national office on 020 8988 8777

Email: info@socialistparty.org.uk

Locate your nearest Socialist Party branch Text your name and postcode to 07761 818 206

Regional Socialist Party organisers:

Eastern: 0798 202 1969

East Mids: 0773 797 8057

London: 020 8988 8786

North East: 0784 114 4890

North West 07769 611 320

South East: 020 8988 8777

South West: 07759 796 478

Southern: 07833 681910

Wales: 07935 391 947

West Mids: 02476 555 620

Yorkshire: 0114 264 6551

ABOUT US

ARCHIVE

Alphabetical listing


December 2018

November 2018

October 2018

September 2018

August 2018

July 2018

June 2018

May 2018

April 2018

March 2018

February 2018

January 2018

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999