Link to this page: https://www.socialistparty.org.uk/issue/1119/31974
GameStop: Billionaires hurt at their own game
Luke, Gloucestershire Socialist Party
Recently, users of big online forum Reddit influenced the entire stock market, causing huge hedge funds to go into meltdown. Wall Street is now calling for regulation. These events could lead to a bigger change to market regulation than the financial crisis.
Redditors realised that hedge funds held huge 'short positions' on stocks and that they could view this information online. A short position is betting that the value of a company falls.
Hedge funds are betting billions of dollars that companies like Blackberry, Gamestop and Nokia will decrease in value, because they're companies with big standings but have become outdated and aren't expecting any growth. However, Redditors have influenced thousands of ordinary people to invest in these companies.
Lots of people buying shares of Gamestop will increase the value of the share, so the people buying them are making massive returns. Meanwhile, hedge funds with short positions are losing billions.
On 26 January, Gamestop opened at $88 a share on 26 January. It peaked at $469 a share on 28 January.
So, while the normal people who are investing are taking risks, they have been able to take huge sums of money away from billionaires and Wall Street.
Obviously, the capitalist class isn't happy that ordinary people are playing their game and manipulating the market to make money, the way that the capitalists normally do.
The difference is that they're now on the losing side, and are now arguing the game is unfair.
Some brokerage apps - which people use to buy shares - ceased trading for these companies. People could no longer invest, and the prices began to fall.
They said that their servers were struggling to cope with the amount of traffic, but it's no coincidence that the capitalist class wanted this. The stock market and capitalist class are being criticised for not allowing a 'free market'.
These events changed people's lives. There are stories online of people thanking Reddit as it allowed them to pay their medical costs or next month's rent.
It has also opened a lot of people's eyes to the system we live in, and how the capitalist class is able to make vast amounts of money with no actual work and producing no value.
Capitalists still in control
The comeuppance of a few greedy hedge funds is hilarious - and welcome! But those left outlets which have suggested that this 'short-squeeze' is in itself a threat to the capitalist system are mistaken, sadly.
Even if every hedge fund in the world were bankrupted at once, which is not on the cards, industry, finance and the economy as a whole remain privately owned. Just look at how the capitalists shut down trading when small investors went too far. Instead, the whole sector should be nationalised under democratic workers' control and management.
Some small investors will make big money at the hedge funds' expense; others may be left carrying the can, and lose their homes, when the bubble bursts. And the latest move - some small investors trying to short-squeeze big banks' control of silver - seems implausible at best.
Meanwhile, big investors will lose some capital but not control of the engines which produce it. Hedge fund managers may lose their jobs, but will waltz into other ones.
For the most part this does not seem to be ideological spite against the hedge funds, but small investors trying to make some money off a bubble. Some working and middle-class people in the US are reportedly throwing their college or retirement funds into it, gambling that they can then cover medical bills and so on. This in itself is an indictment of the system.
James Ivens, East London Socialist Party
Mini-revolution in murky world of finance capital
The Wall Street commentator on Newsnight seemed genuinely lost at what had happened. He couldn't understand how thousands of 'little people' - with a nostalgia for old brands that were about to fall victim to Wall Street - could be rallied against Wall Street to bring a big beast down.
But he only called for reform from above. Yeah right, like Wall Street will ever allow that.
How incredible too that when thousands of normal people do what Wall Street does, the regulator steps in and closes them down. So much for the free market.
This was a mini-revolution in the murky world of finance, and it may be a harbinger of the actual revolution to come.
Nancy Taaffe, Waltham Forest Socialist Party
In The Socialist 3 February 2021:
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition
What we think
The Communist Manifesto